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Identify the processor

March 2015

Identifying the processor architecture of your system can be useful to find the configuration and technical capabilities of the PC. This hardware which forms the core of the system can be identified from the system parameters. For Windows based systems, the System Properties can either be accessed through the Control Panel or through the Windows Key. There are software utilities available online like CPU-Z that can also do the trick. Under Linux from the /proc file system which enables communication between the 'kernel and the user space', identification of the processor can be done.

Introduction



This is a trick to allow you to simply identify your processor.
Useful to know precisely the capabilities and the technical characteristics of this element and further, possibly your configuration.

How to identify the processor

Under Windows



Apart from the possibility of identifying the processor by the system parameters under windows, there are utilities to let you get to know your hardware.

Method 1

  • The simplest, just under Windows, is to display the properties system.
  • Left-click on Menu "Start", left-click on "Control Panel" ... Opening the Control Panel.
  • In this window (Panel), a list of icons displayed, and one of these icons, you will find an icon called "System" in which you double-click it.
  • The properties are displayed Systems and the first tab is called "General".
  • On this tab is the name of your processor, its operating frequency type and its actual incidence.
  • Also included in the information below is the total memory (RAM) installed on your computer.

Method 2

  • Right click on My Computer (or Computer under Vista) then click Properties.


or
  • Simultaneously press the "Windows" key and "Pause" to open the System Properties window.

Using a utility software



Cpu-z, requires no installation. This executable allows you to quickly identify your CPU and gives you its technical characteristics such as the type of operating voltage, the instruction set run, the amount of cache and more information about your motherboard, chipset and memory (RAM).



For a more complete inventory of your hardware installed:

Under Linux



The /proc file system


You can type:
cat /proc/cpuinfo 


Example:
processor       : 0        
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel        
cpu family      : 6        
model           : 15        
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU          6600  @ 2.40GHz        
stepping        : 6        
cpu MHz         : 2393.974        
cache size      : 4096 KB        
fdiv_bug        : no        
hlt_bug         : no        
f00f_bug        : no        
coma_bug        : no        
fpu             : yes        
fpu_exception   : yes        
cpuid level     : 2        
wp              : yes        
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr mce cx8 apic pge cmov clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 constant_tsc up monitor        
bogomips        : 4825.12        
clflush size    : 64

dmesg (diagnostic the message)


dmesg | grep CPU       

Example:
[    0.000000] Initializing CPU#0        
[    7.665395] SLUB: Genslabs=22, HWalign=64, Order=0-1, MinObjects=4, CPUs=1, Nodes=1        
[    7.749733] CPU: After generic identify, caps: 0788a3bf 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000008 00000000 00000000        
[    7.750108] CPU: L1 I cache: 32K, L1 D cache: 32K        
[    7.750177] CPU: L3 cache: 4096K        
[    7.750475] CPU: After all inits, caps: 0788a3bf 00000000 00000000 00000140 00000008 00000000 00000000        
[    8.039007] CPU0: Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU          6600  @ 2.40GHz stepping 06        
[    8.157381] Brought up 1 CPUs        
[    8.772526] Switched to high resolution mode on CPU 0        

dmidecode


The dmidecode command is used to retrieve information about the hardware in your computer by collecting information from the BIOS.

To view information on the processor you must use the following option:
 -t, --type TYPE. 


For the processor TYPE is 4 (check instructions of dmidecode for details).
The command must be run as root.

dmidecode -t 4 


Example:

# dmidecode 2.8         
SMBIOS 2.2 present.         

Handle 0x0004, DMI type 4, 32 bytes         
Processor Information         
        Socket Designation: Socket A         
        Type: Central Processor         
        Family: Athlon XP         
        Manufacturer: AMD         
        ID: 80 06 00 00 FF FB 83 03         
        Signature: Family 6, Model 8, Stepping 0         
        Flags:         
                FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)         
                VME (Virtual mode extension)         
                DE (Debugging extension)         
                PSE (Page size extension)         
                TSC (Time stamp counter)         
                MSR (Model specific registers)         
                PAE (Physical address extension)         
                MCE (Machine check exception)         
                CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)         
                APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)         
                SEP (Fast system call)         
                MTRR (Memory type range registers)         
                PGE (Page global enable)         
                MCA (Machine check architecture)         
                CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)         
                PAT (Page attribute table)         
                PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)         
                MMX (MMX technology supported)         
                FXSR (Fast floating-point save and restore)         
                SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)         
        Version: AMD Athlon(tm) XP         
        Voltage: 1.6 V         
        External Clock: 133 MHz         
        Max Speed: 2000 MHz         
        Current Speed: 1800 MHz         
        Status: Populated, Enabled         
        Upgrade: ZIF Socket         
        L1 Cache Handle: 0x0008         
        L2 Cache Handle: 0x0009         
        L3 Cache Handle: No L3 Cache       

For unlimited offline reading, you can download this article for free in PDF format:
Identify-the-processor.pdf

See also

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Original article published by franckccm. Translated by franckccm. - Latest update by Jeff
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